The Lord Hopton's Tertio
in the Royalist Army
Coat Colour: green,hunter,
The Regiment recruits in Somerset, Wiltshire and Devon but has members from the Falkland Islands through Paris and Liverpool up to Scotland.
Current Regimental membership is 92 adults (children distort statistics though we love them dearly !:-)
Hunter green coat (not hunter green with russet breeches , thats O'Cahans!!!).
Henry Tillier was of French extraction, his family were Huguenot refugees from Catholic persecution. He was certainly a member of the London Trained Bands and in 1642 became an officer in the army raised by Charles I to fight the Irish Catholic Confederacy. Henry Tillier is first recorded as a Major in Sir Fulk Huncks Regiment arriving in Dublin in early June of 1642.
Formation and return home
Tillierís Regiment was raised from troops garrisoned in Dublin during winter 1643. These were mainly the remnants of the original English regiments sent to Ireland in 1642, along with some troops raised locally.
After a hazardous sea voyage, Tillierís along with Robert Broughtonís regiment landed at Neston, north Wales on 3rd February 1644. Both regiments were subsequently garrisoned in Shrewsbury.
Prince Rupert, having recently been made President of the Council of the Marches, utilised Shrewsbury as a rallying point for the recruitment of soldiers in North Wales. Henry Tillierís regiment were to form the nucleus of this force. It was at this time that the regiment was issued with green coats. A letter from S T Dallison to Prince Rupert stated that he had thirteen green coats suitable for "Col Tylyers". It is highly probable that the regiment was issued with green standards.
Relief of Newark
In late February 1644, Prince Rupert set off from Chester, via Shrewsbury to break the Parliamentary siege of Newark. During the successful action of 21st March Henry Tillier was commander of foot, Rupert having promoted him to Sergeant Major General. The combined strength of Tillierís and Broughtonís regiments was a thousand men. After some skilful manoeuvring Rupert relieved the Royalist garrison and by early April the regiment was back in Shrewsbury.
Tillierís regiment were certainly part of the six thousand foot which left Shrewsbury on 16th May 1644. Marching with Prince Rupert to revive the flagging Royalist fortunes in Lancashire. On 25th May Bolton was stormed, the Royalist forces including Tillierís claimed to have inflicted 1200 casualties and captured 600 Parliamentarians for the loss of 300 of their own men. The campaign was a great success and included the famous relief of Lathom house. The culmination of the campaign was the siege and capture of Liverpool on the 12th June 1644.
"If York be lost I shall esteem my crown little less..." Propelled by these words, contained in the now famous letter from Charles I, Rupert marched to the relief of York on 21st June 1644, taking Tillierís and Broughtonís regiments with him. During the ensuing battle of Marston Moor, Tillierís formed part of Lord Eythinís Brigade, possibly providing some of the commanded shot despatched in support of the horse. Certainly Tillierís fought with some distinction, "Newcastleís whitecoats and a regiment of greencoats fought bravely, the whitecoats making an incredible last stand at White Syke close".
Those men of Tillierís who escaped death made their way back to Wales and were quartered at Welshpool. Henry Tillier himself was not with them, he had been captured on the field of Marston Moor.
Siege and Storm
Having recovered some of their strength, and now commanded by the Lt Colonel, Edmund Hammond, Tillierís were part of the 2000 foot lead by Lord Byron to the relief of Montgomery Castle. In action on the 18th June against Breretonís Parliamentarians, the regiment of a Colonel Ellis broke, taking the majority of the Royalist army with them. Those who escaped successfully were largely the veterans of Ireland. Tillierís regiment were subsequently rallied and returned to Shrewsbury. Thus ended the 1644 campaign season, Tilliers must have been grateful for the chance to rest and recuperate.
The war restarted with a vengeance on 22nd February 1645. While Tillierís regiment were on a foraging expedition the Shrewsbury garrison was surprised and captured by Colonel Thomas Mytton. Thirteen Irish troops were hanged the next day, only the English troops being allowed to march out. Chester was now the last major Royalist garrison in the North West and this is where the remnants of Tillierís gathered.
Now, too depleted to form any reasonable strength, Tillierís were combined with three other green coated regiments. Known collectively as the Shrewsbury foot and joined by their commander, Henry Tillier, freed from Leicester on 31st May 1645.
The 500 men of the Shrewsbury foot in conjunction with the 500 men of Rupertís bluecoats formed Lisleís tercio on the day of the battle of Naseby. After much fierce fighting the Shrewsbury foot collapsed only after a final charge by Thomas Fairfax. As the parliamentarians fought their way into the very heart of the formation Fairfax himself killed an ensign carrying a green Lt Colonelís colour.
That was the end of Sergeant Major General Henry Tillierís regiment of foot.
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